World’s first communal violence
This cemetery was discovered in 1956 on the east bank of the Nile River. There were 61 people buried in 11 thousand B.C. Half of these died from wounds. Scientists first thought that these hunters and fishing people had died in a war and it was considered the world’s first communal violence. After re-studying their bones with the help of new microscopy techniques, it has been found that they were injured in many violent incidents. It may be that climate change has been a reason behind this.
New traces found in new search
These skeletons are housed in the British Museum of London. They have been studied by scientists from the French National Center for Scientific Research and the University of Toulouse. This study found 106 previously unmarked marks that separately identified deaths from weapons injuries, single combat and natural causes. Researchers have found 41 people whose head has received at least one full or healed wound at the time of death.
Search on the basis of wounds
Scientists say the number of incised wounds is similar to the number of incidents between communities in the Nile Valley. These events date from 1.26 lakh to 11,700 years ago in the Late Pleistocene period. Research says that these fights must have taken place between different communities. The research paper published in Scientific Reports states that the reason behind these conflicts may be the situation arising due to the battle of dominance and climate change.
Why were there so many fights?
In fact, due to environmental disasters in the Ice Age, these people must have been forced to live together. During this time, the icebergs of Europe and North America made the temperatures of Egypt and Sudan such that people were forced to live near the Nile River, but the river did not help them much. They were seeking security on the ground and resources were scarce. These groups must have had fights over fishing due to lack of food.