Is life possible?
In 2015, a spacecraft was sent to a dwarf planet for the first time. Dawn, who went to see Ceres closely, saw close to 300 marks on its surface. It was previously believed to be ice, but Dawn’s discovery revealed that it contains hydrated magnesium sulfate and sodium carbonate that remains after the ground’s seasonal lakes turn into steam. The presence of salt at the site of these bright marks suggests that it is the only place apart from Earth and Mars where carbonates are present. They point to the possible conditions for life.
Something on Ceres that is only on Earth and Mars
Ceres is named after the Roman god associated with the harvest. It takes 4.6 years to complete one revolution around the Sun. It completes one revolution on its axis every 9 hours. Carbonates have definitely been found on it, but there is no evidence of any kind of atmosphere on it. Some amount of steam has been found, which appears to have been produced by evaporation of ice due to small collisions. However, it is very special because there is water which is not found on many planets or other objects but is most essential for life. It has no moon of its own and no rings of any kind.
Why the plan to settle humans?
How important Ceres is in the search for life, it can be understood from the fact that scientists have now thought of working on a megasatellite that will revolve around Ceres. Humans will be settled here. According to the team, the amount of nitrogen here is sufficient to create an Earth-like atmosphere. 78% nitrogen is present in the Earth’s atmosphere. Ceres is 500 million kilometers away from the Earth and having a base here will allow humans to go to Jupiter and Saturn.