India’s former President of Mauritius Aniruddha Jagannath One day state mourning has been announced on his death. It is very rare when another country mourns the death of a former head of state of one country. But, Anirudh Jugnauth was such a person whom even Indira Gandhi admired a lot. This was the reason that two years after the independence of this country, she became the first Indian Prime Minister to reach Mauritius. After him, PM Narendra Modi also visited Mauritius in March 2015. When
chiIndia’s strong presence in this country is pricking America
The geographical location of Mauritius is strategically important in the Indian Ocean. This is the reason that many European countries including Britain, America, China are still trying to establish their dominance on this country. Despite all this, the love of the people of Indian origin here has kept this country firmly connected with India. Whatever government there was in India, it has helped Mauritius and its people ever since it got independence from British slavery in 1968.
what was Operation Lal Dora?
In 2013, David Brewster, Professor of Australia in the Asian Security Magazine and Ranjit Rai, a former Indian Navy spy, wrote the full script of this operation in an article titled ‘Operation Lal Dora: India’s Aborted Military Intervention in Mauritius’. In this article, information was given about Indian military planning, strategic thinking, exit from the policy of non-alignment in the Indian Ocean. However, this operation has not been officially accepted by the Government of India till date.
Anti-Hindu Paul Berenger wanted to do a coup
The incident dates back to 1983, when the then President of Mauritius Anirudh Jugnauth was worried about a coup by pro-Soviet leftist cabinet official Paul Berenger. Since India had a lot of interest in this country since independence, Indira Gandhi, who was the Prime Minister of India at that time, planned military intervention to protect Indian interests. It was named Operation Lal Dora.
Deployment of Indian Navy Warships in Mauritius
Under this operation, several warships of the Indian Navy were planned to be deployed in Mauritius. In which at least 6 destroyers, Sea King and other helicopters, military and civilian tankers were to be deployed for rapid action. Indian security agencies had also made complete preparations for the mission, but Anirudh Jagannath’s adversary Paul Berenger got to know about it and he fearfully canceled the plan of coup. After which India also did not send its army.
Why was Aniruddha Jagannath’s government afraid of a coup
Hindus constitute 48 percent of the population in Mauritius. These people had reached there as indentured laborers to work from different states of India during the time of British. Later these people transformed this country with their hard work and dedication. In Mauritius as early as the 1980s, Paul Berenger, along with minority Christians and Muslims, wanted to remove Anirudh Jugnauth from power. The main policy of Pal Beranger was anti-Hindu, then in Mauritius it was even said that if this person comes to power, then Hindus from this country will have to go back to India.
This operation of India is considered very successful
From a diplomatic point of view, if your enemy has already canceled his plan out of fear, then it is considered a very successful operation. Fearing India in Mauritius, this is what opposition leader Paul Berenger did. This was the reason why Anirudh Jugnauth then urged India to send a senior aide to his country’s National Security Advisor. On his request, for many years, an Indian officer took over the post of NSA of Mauritius.
Mauritius is strategically important
Mauritius is located in a strategically important region of the Indian Ocean. Trillions of dollars of trade is done through this area every year. Being close to the African continent, a large area of the Indian Ocean can be monitored from this country. Near this country is the island of Reunion, which is occupied by France. France has maintained a large military base on this island. In the northeast of Mauritius is Diego Garcia, where American and British military bases are located.
Close relationship between Mauritius and India
The strength of relations between India and Mauritius can be understood from the fact that this country celebrates its national day on 12 March, the anniversary of Gandhiji’s Salt Satyagraha. Mauritius believes that due to this inspiration, it got independence from the British in 1968. Mauritius has always been with India in many important campaigns like Free Trade Agreement with India, Blue Ocean Economy, Maritime Security, Anti Piracy Operation.
India built metro and hospital in Mauritius
India started the New Mauritius Supreme Court building project in 2016 through a US$ 353 million special economic package given to Mauritius. This building was inaugurated in the year 2020. Apart from this, Metro Express service was started in Port Louis, capital of Mauritius with the help of India. Apart from this, a 100-bed state-of-the-art ENT hospital has also been constructed in collaboration with India.