- 47 years of Jayaprakash Narayan’s ‘Total Revolution’
- People associated with JP movement are at the peak of power today
- What did JP say to the youth on June 5, 1974?
- What was meant by JP’s ‘Total Revolution’?
In the evening of 5 June 1974, there was a very enthusiastic crowd of about 5 lakh people at Gandhi Maidan in Patna. For the first time in a public meetingtotal revolution‘ was called for. Loknayak Jayaprakash first uttered the word ‘Total Revolution’. The word revolution was not new, but
47 years of complete revolution
On June 5, 974, Jai Prakash Narayan gave the slogan of ‘Total Revolution’ against the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi at Gandhi Maidan in Patna. The flames that arose after that, marked the beginning of a new era in the politics of the whole country. Entire country including Bihar was affected. The politics of Bihar has not been able to come out of the purview of the leaders of that era. Rashtriya Janata Dal supremo Lalu Prasad Yadav, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar and senior leader of Bihar BJP Sushil Kumar Modi were active in the movement then. Even Prime Minister Narendra Modi is a product of JP’s movement.
JP then said that by ‘total revolution’, I mean to see the most oppressed person in the society at the peak of power. The effect of JP’s slogan of complete revolution, which rose from Bihar, was seen in the whole country. At present, the reins from Bihar to the country are in the hands of the agitators of JP. From Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, they are the product of JP’s 1974 movement. During the Bihar assembly elections, the Prime Minister has mentioned this in his popular program Mann Ki Baat.
The imprint of a total revolution on power
Many students including Nitish Kumar, Lalu Yadav, Sushil Modi, Shivanand Tiwari, Narendra Singh were part of Yuva Sangharsh Vahini. In fact, during 1965 to 70, there was a tremendous movement of youth all over the world, especially in France. From there the students of India got inspiration. At the same time, due to the students’ movement in Gujarat in 1973, the government of Chimanbhai Patel was changed. JP also supported the Gujarat movement.
Tejashwi Yadav and Chirag Paswan of the new generation of politics are also having to resort to the same land which was made fertile by JP. For three decades in the politics of Bihar, only the flag bearers of JP are writing the script of change. Everyone absorbed Patna’s Gandhi Maidan in their political life. From where JP had called for ‘total revolution’.
The bugle was played at Gandhi Maidan in Patna.
Gandhi Maidan is located in the heart of Patna city. During the British rule it was called Patna Lawns or Bankipur Maidan. The British used to come here for airship. Mahatma Gandhi started the freedom struggle with Champaran Satyagraha. After starting India’s first civil disobedience struggle, Bapu’s huge public meeting was held in this Gandhi Maidan in January 1918. Since then it was named Gandhi Maidan. The tallest statue of Mahatma Gandhi has been installed as a memorial to this revolution.
In 1938, Mohammad Ali Jinnah addressed a historic rally of the Muslim League against the Congress at Gandhi Maidan, known as Bankipur Maidan before independence. After this, Subhash Chandra Bose organized the first rally of the newly formed Forward Block in 1939 at this historic ground in Patna. Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan had called for a total revolution against the Congress in 1974 at Gandhi Maidan itself. On his one voice, a crowd of more than five lakh people gathered here had given a message of sounding the bugle against the Congress in the whole country. That rally of JP, held at this Gandhi Maidan in Patna, was recorded in the golden pages of history. Many personalities of Bihar and the country started their political career from this Gandhi Maidan, from where the whole revolution was sounded.