Russia has dealt a major blow to America 10 days before the summit of US President Joe Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin. Putin on Monday signed a bill that would allow Russia to pull out of an international treaty allowing surveillance flights over military installations. America has already withdrew from this treaty. It is noteworthy that on June 16, the summit between Putin and Biden is to be held in Geneva.
America was separated during Trump’s tenure
US officials told Russia last month that President Joe Biden’s administration
What was the purpose of the Open Sky Treaty
The purpose of the Open Sky Treaty was to build trust between Russia and the West. Under the treaty, more than three dozen countries could conduct surveillance flights over each other’s territories to monitor military deployments and other military activities. The treaty went into effect in 2002 and operated more than 1,500 flights, promoting transparency and helping to oversee arms control agreements.
Russia-US accusations over the treaty
The Trump administration pulled out of the deal last year, saying Russian violations made it impossible for the US to remain a party. The US completed its withdrawal from the treaty in November. Russia has denied any violations. Russia argues that it had imposed certain sanctions in the past that were valid under the treaty. Along with this, Russia alleged that the US imposed a more comprehensive ban on surveillance flights in Alaska.
Offered in 1955
This treaty was first proposed in July 1955 by the then US President D. Eisenhower. According to its proposal, the US and the then Soviet Union were asked to allow aerial reconnaissance flights over each other’s territory. Although Moscow had previously rejected that proposal, President George H.W. Bush again proposed it in May 1989, and the treaty entered into force in January 2002.
aim to promote transparency
So far 34 countries have signed it. Kyrgyzstan has signed it but has not ratified it yet. More than 1,500 flights have been operated under the treaty aimed at promoting transparency about military activity and overseeing arms control and other agreements. In the treaty all countries agree to make all their areas available for surveillance flights, yet Russia has banned flights in some areas.